Many see careers in engineering as a surefire way to lead a comfortable, prosperous life. These workers benefit from great starting pay and high wages throughout their professional lives. Job security isn’t always guaranteed in some industries, but engineers’ skills always seem to be in demand. Maybe that’s why the United States produced over 237,000 engineers in 2014 alone.
But that doesn’t mean that new engineers have an easy path ahead of them. If you’re still in school, you need to choose a field in which to specialize. This choice will dictate where you’ll end up seeking your professional engineering certification. As a result, you need to understand what you want to do, where your skills/interests lie, and how they can align with a specific vocation or field. Obviously, making this decision is easier said than done, especially because it will govern your entire career.
Fortunately, this article is here to help. It will outline just a few of the broad areas of specialization you could pursue and the benefits of each. Read on to see if you could see yourself working in any of the following areas.
1. Petroleum Engineering
A few years ago, Canada’s oil industry was booming. Unfortunately, the commodity’s value declined sharply in 2014, which caused many petroleum companies to lay off workers. The industry has begun to recover, but these job losses, as well as the retirement crisis plaguing the engineering profession as a whole, have made it difficult for oil enterprises to recruit qualified engineers.
In general, petroleum engineers design and select tools that will best suit oil drilling and extraction. These professionals deal extensively with geological samples, so if you’re interested in that field, these careers in engineering may suit you. Most petroleum engineers are required to work on-site, which may be isolating for some. If you thrive in remote areas, however, you stand to be paid handsomely for your performance.
2. Software Engineering
The days of calculators, typewriters, and dictation are long over. Every business process relies on some form of computer program, and as a software engineer, you’ll develop these solutions for businesses. If these careers in engineering appeal to you, consider brushing up on your programming skills. You’ll need to know several languages to develop solutions for various applications and networks.
3. Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineers aren’t limited in their career options. Plenty of modern hardware depends on their expertise, so they can design and maintain solutions for a wide variety of industries. Their work also relates to many other occupations, so they must have a working knowledge in subjects such as physics, mathematics, chemistry, and more.
While these professionals are usually expected to obtain multiple degrees, they can expect to earn a median salary of over $93,000 for their troubles.
4. Civil Engineering
Ordinary people use infrastructure like roads, buildings, and walkways all the time, but they rarely stop to think about the professionals who design them. Civil engineers make slightly less than their counterparts in other industries, but they still perform a wide variety of tasks. If you have an interest in architecture or urban planning, you might want to advance in this profession.
5. Chemical engineering
Like software or electrical engineers, chemical engineers are valuable in a number of different industries. They ensure that the chemical components work in tandem with one another to create the best possible product.
They are also paid handsomely; they can expect a mean salary of about $103,000 a year for their labour.